SISTEMAS DE SIMULACIÓN EN REALIDAD VIRTUAL PARA ENTRENAMIENTO DE SUBESTACIONES ELÉCTRICAS – UN PANORAMA GENERAL (VIRTUAL REALITY SIMULATION SYSTEMS FOR ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION TRAINING - AN OVERVIEW)

Jorge Lozano González, Luis Francisco Vázquez Calvillo, Leticia Neira Tovar

Resumen


Resumen
Este trabajo tiene por objetivo la revisión de artículos desarrollados en la última década, en materia de simuladores de subestaciones eléctricas en realidad virtual, con propósitos de entrenamiento laboral y/o pedagógico. Esta revisión permite tener una visión del panorama más reciente, con respecto al tema estudiado, pues no existen revisiones lo suficientemente recientes para considerarlas actuales. Se hace una clasificación de los trabajos a analizar, realizando una búsqueda de trabajos relacionados en la última década, identificación de los más relevantes y lectura a fondo de estos últimos. Se identifican y detallan las características que destacan cono mínimas en los proyectos, la libertad de interacción del usuario, la evaluación de los aprendices, el impacto de la inmersión y los entornos colaborativos. Se discute la importancia de la definición del usuario final, de modo que se tome en cuenta su experiencia, lo cual repercute indiscutiblemente en los resultados finales de aprendizaje.
Palabras Claves: Capacitación, entrenamiento, realidad virtual, subestaciones eléctricas.

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to review articles developed in the last decade on virtual reality electrical substation simulators for job training and/or pedagogical purposes. This review allows us to have a vision of the most recent panorama, with respect to the subject studied, since there are no reviews recent enough to be considered current. A classification of the works to be analyzed is made, carrying out a search of related works in the last decade, identification of the most relevant ones and in-depth reading of the latter. The characteristics that stand out as minimum in the projects, the user's freedom of interaction, the evaluation of the learners, the impact of immersion and collaborative environments are identified and detailed. The importance of defining the end user is discussed, so that their experience is considered, which undoubtedly has an impact on the final learning results.
Keywords: Electrical substations, training, virtual reality.

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Referencias


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