SELECCIÓN DE ÁNGULOS DE CONMUTACIÓN PARA UN INVERSOR MULTINIVEL EN CASCADA USANDO UN ALGORITMO DE BÚSQUEDA ALEATORIA (SWITCHING ANGLES SELECTION FOR A CASCADED MULTILEVEL INVERTER USING A RANDOM SEARCH ALGORITHM)

Jesús Aguayo Alquicira, Susana Estefany De León Aldaco, Oscar Sánchez Vargas, Nicolás Torres Cruz, Adolfo Rafael López Núñez

Resumen


Resumen
Un inversor de cascada trifásico H-Bridge de varios niveles en condiciones de fallo de un solo interruptor puede funcionar como un inversor asimétrico aplicando un cambio en la estrategia de modulación para mejorar su rendimiento. Este documento presenta el Algoritmo de Búsqueda Aleatoria aplicado a la modulación de Eliminación Selectiva de Armónicos para Inversores de Cascada Multinivel Asimétricos. El algoritmo propuesto tiene por objeto encontrar una solución óptima a un conjunto de ecuaciones trascendentales, que garantizan la eliminación de armónicos no deseados y el control de la magnitud de la componente fundamental de la tensión generada por el inversor. Además, el algoritmo propuesto se comparó con el algoritmo de optimización de enjambre de partículas y la estrategia tradicional de eliminación selectiva de armónicos. Los resultados comparativos obtenidos mostraron que la técnica de modulación que usa la técnica Algoritmo de Búsqueda Aleatoria es la más adecuada para el inversor multinivel trifásico de siete niveles (caso de estudio).
Palabras Clave: Algoritmo de búsqueda aleatoria, Eliminación selectiva de armónicos, Estrategia de tolerancia a fallos, Inversor de modulación de ancho de pulso, Inversor multinivel.

Abstract
A three-phase H-Bridge multi-level cascade inverter under Single-Switch Fault Condition can operate as an asymmetrical inverter by applying a change in the modulation strategy to improve its performance. This paper presents the Random Search Algorithm applied to the modulation of Selective Harmonic Elimination for Asymmetric Cascade Multilevel Inverters. The proposed algorithm aims to find an optimal solution to a set of transcendental equations, which guarantee the elimination of undesired harmonics and controlling the magnitude of the fundamental component of the voltage generated by the inverter. In addition, the proposed algorithm was compared with the Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm and the traditional selective harmonic elimination strategy. The comparative results obtained showed that the modulation technique using the Random Search Algorithm technique is the most suitable for the seven-level three-phase multilevel inverter (case study).
Keywords: Fault Tolerant Strategy, Pulse Width Modulation inverter, Random Search Algorithm, Selective Harmonic Elimination, Multilevel inverter.

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Referencias


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