PLATAFORMA DE PRUEBAS DE BAJO COSTO PARA VUELOS EN GLOBO A GRANDES ALTURAS (LOW-COST TESTING PLATFORM FOR HIGH-ALTITUDE BALLOON FLIGHTS)

Eduardo Valadez Campos, José Eduardo Mendoza Torres, Adriana De Roa Campoy

Resumen


Resumen
Realizar vuelos en globos atmosféricos a alturas superiores a 10,000 metros son en cierto modo, un método “más barato” de realizar pruebas a diversos componentes electrónicos y mecánicos cuando es requerido que funcionen en ambientes con bajas temperaturas, bajas presiones atmosféricas o a una mayor exposición a la radiación UV y radiación ionizante; en particular, para el diseño de sistemas aeroespaciales. Además, los datos recabados por los sensores pueden proveer de valiosa información para el estudio del clima y de la calidad del aire de una región, que puede resultar en un buen beneficio a la comunidad local. Para que estas pruebas sean viables, la plataforma y la estación receptora deben ser implementadas usando componentes de uso comercial (COTS por sus siglas en ingles), que no requieran de permisos especiales para su compra. En este artículo se describe brevemente el diseño de una plataforma para realizar pruebas en vuelos estratosféricos usando componentes comerciales, así como los resultados obtenidos de un vuelo de prueba.
Palabras Clave: Antena, COTS, estratosfera, sonda, transceptor.

Abstract
Performing balloon flights, at heights up to 10,000 meters, are in a way, a cheaper method to conduct tests of several electronic and mechanical components when it is required to function in environments with low temperatures, low atmospheric pressures or to a high rate of UV radiation and ionizing radiation; in particular, for the design of aerospace systems. In addition, the data gathered from the sensors can provide a valuable source of information for climate studies and to monitoring the air pollution in a certain region, which it can outcome a good benefit for the local community. In order for these tests can be reliable, the platform as well as its receiver station must be implemented using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components, which not require a special permission for its purchase. In this article, it is described briefly the design of a platform to conduct stratospheric flights using commercial components, as well as the results obtained of a flight test.
Keywords: Antenna, COTS, probe, stratosphere, transceiver.

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