INGENIERÍA ONTOLÓGICA APLICADA EN EL DISEÑO DE UN SISTEMA DE ONTOLOGÍAS PARA LA GESTIÓN DE HORARIOS

Maricela Claudia Bravo Contreras, Francisco Pavón Gutiérrez, José Alejandro Reyes Ortiz, Roberto Alfonso Alcántara Ramírez

Resumen


Resumen

En este artículo se describe el proceso de ingeniería ontológica aplicado en el diseño y construcción de un sistema de ontologías para la gestión de horarios. Se presenta la metodología detallada que se implementó, la cual consistió de las siguientes etapas: especificación de las preguntas de competencia, diseño modular y basado en dominios del sistema de ontologías, diseño y evaluación de cada ontología individualmente, integración de las ontologías y evaluación general del sistema de ontologías mediante preguntas de competencia. Como resultado se obtuvo un sistema de ontologías que cumple con los principios de diseño de claridad, coherencia, modularidad, y usabilidad. Finalmente se evaluó la competencia de la ontología ejecutando las preguntas de competencia a través de la definición de reglas de inferencia lógica.

Palabras Claves: Ingeniería ontológica, principios de diseño de ontologías, sistema de ontologías.

 

ONTOLOGICAL ENGINEERING APPLIED ON THE DESIGN OF AN ONTOLOGY SYSTEM FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SCHEDULES


Abstract

In this paper we describe the ontological engineering process applied in the design and construction of an ontology system for academic schedule management. We present the detailed methodology that was implemented, which consisted of the following stages: specification of competency questions, modular and domain-oriented design of the ontology system, design and evaluation of each ontology, integration of ontologies and general evaluation of the ontology system. As a result, a system of ontologies was obtained that complies with the design principles of clarity, coherence, modularity, etc. Finally, the competence of the ontology was evaluated by executing the competency questions through the definition of inference and query rules.

Keywords: Ontology engineering, ontology design principles, ontology system.


Texto completo:

266-285 PDF

Referencias


Fernández, M.; Gómez-Pérez, A., Juristo, N. METHONTOLOGY: From Ontological Art Towards Ontological Engineering. Symposium on Ontological Engineering of AAAI. Stanford (California), March 1997.

Gómez-Pérez, A., Ontological engineering: A state of the art. Expert Update: Knowledge Based Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence, 2(3), pp. 33-43, 1999.

Gruber, Thomas R., Toward principles for the design of ontologies used for knowledge sharing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 43.5, pp. 907-928, 1995.

Bernaras, A., Laresgoiti, I., & Corera, J., Building and Reusing Ontologies for Electrical Network Applications. In ECAI pp. 298-302, PITMAN, 1996.

Gómez Pérez, A. Knowledge Sharing and Reuse. In J. Liebowitz (Editor) Handbook of Expert Systems. CRC, 1998.

Gómez-Pérez, A., Fernández, M., & Vicente, A. D., Towards a method to conceptualize domain ontologies, 1996.

Grüninger, M., & Fox, M. S., Methodology for the Design and Evaluation of Ontologies, 1995.

Lenat, D. B., & Guha, R. V., Building large knowledge-based systems; representation and inference in the Cyc project. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc, 1989.

M. Fernández-López, A. Gómez-Pérez, A. Pazos-Sierra, J. Pazos-Sierra, Building a chemical ontology using METHONTOLOGY and the ontology design environment, IEEE Intelligent Systems & their applications 4 (1), pp. 37–46, 1999.

Morbach, Jan, Andreas Wiesner, and Wolfgang Marquardt, OntoCAPE—A (re) usable ontology for computer-aided process engineering, Computers & Chemical Engineering 33.10, pp. 1546-1556, 2009.

Schreiber, G., Knowledge engineering and management: the CommonKADS methodology. MIT press, 2000.

Suárez-Figueroa, M. C., NeOn Methodology for building ontology networks: specification, scheduling and reuse, Doctoral dissertation, Informatica, 2010.

Uschold, M., & Gruninger, M., Ontologies: Principles, methods and applications. Knowledge engineering review, 11(2), pp. 93-136, 1996.

Uschold, M., & King, M., Towards a methodology for building ontologies, Edinburgh: Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute, University of Edinburgh, pp. 15-30, 1995.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.