DETECCIÓN DE FALLA DE RODAMIENTO EN UNA CADENA CINEMÁTICA VÍA EMISIÓN ACÚSTICA

Luis Alejandro Romero Ramírez, Luis Morales Velázquez, Roque A. Osornio Ríos, René de Jesús Romero Troncoso, Daniel Moríñigo Sotelo

Resumen


Resumen

Las cadenas cinemáticas son componentes esenciales en la mayoría industrias, compuestas principalmente por motores de inducción, cajas de engranes, etc.., las fallas de estás provocan grandes pérdidas monetarias. Para evitarlos se utilizan sistemas automatizados de monitorización. Existen diferentes técnicas de monitoreo con diferentes metodologías, la emisión acústica (EA) es uno de los métodos de monitoreo no invasivo para la detección de fallas en estos sistemas. En este trabajo se presenta el desarrollo de un sistema de adquisición de señales de EA y una metodología basada en el análisis de estas señales para la detección de falla de rodamiento en un banco de pruebas de una cadena cinemática, la identificación de los componentes relacionados con la falla para el análisis es respaldado por su modelo teórico. Los resultados obtenidos muestran la detección de falla en rodamiento en altas frecuencias y la metodología para el análisis de la EA.

Palabras Claves: Detección de fallas, emisión acústica, FFT, rodamientos.

 

DETECTION OF BEARING FAILURE IN A CINEMATIC CHAIN VIA ACOUSTIC EMISSION


Abstract

Kinematics Chains are essential components in most industries, composed mainly of induction motors, gearboxes, etc.., failures within them cause great monetary losses. To avoid this, automated monitoring systems are used. There are different monitoring techniques with different methodologies, the acoustic emission (AE) is one of the methods of noninvasive monitoring for the detection of failures in these systems. This work presents the development of an AE signal acquisition system and a methodology based on the analysis of these signals for the detection of bearing failure in a test bench of a kinematic chain. The identification of the components related to the fault for the analysis is supported by its theoretical model. The obtained results show the detection of failure in rolling in high frequencies and the methodology for the analysis of the AE.

Keywords: Acoustic emission, bearings, faults detection, FFT.


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Referencias


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